Tramadol and pain
Coping with pain is one of the most important tasks in the postoperative period. The effective pain-relieving causes an early rehabilitation of a patient, reduces the frequency of the postoperative complications and chronic pain syndromes.
There is a wide choice of the medical products and methods of non-drug pain relief at the moment but numerous studies conducted in different countries have found out a poor analgesia of the early postoperative period in 50% of patients. Doctors and patients have a negative opinion about the use of the narcotic analgesics that give the maximal pain-relief effect.
NSAID and products on the basis of alkanoic acid do not give the effect, so that patients have to experience physiological and psychological suffering after surgeries and diagnostic procedures. And if pain was the main problem, it could be solved. But the pain after surgeries is a part of the problem.
Acute pain increases rigidity of the breathing muscles, and it leads to the reduced respiratory volume, vital volume of the lungs, and complicates expectorating. Pain is accompanied by the hyperactivity of the sympathetic nervous system having such symptoms as tachycardia and arterial hypertension.
Patients with chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system, central nervous system and respiratory tracts tolerate the postoperative period not well.
If the pain-relief therapy is not effective after the surgery, narcotic analgesics are not obligatory. There is a unique product Tramadol on the pharmaceutical market.
Why is Tramadol a choice in the postoperative period?
Tramadol is opioid agonist, a leader among all representatives of opioids because it does not belong to the narcotic products. The experimental and clinical studies have shown that Tramadol does not normally cause mental and physical addiction. It gives arguments to consider the drug as an absolutely safe one during the long-term maintenance therapy of the pain syndrome in the postoperative period.
The use of Tramadol does not cause negative effects in the GIT, cardiovascular system, and it means that the drug may be taken by patients with chronic diseases. The mechanism of the analgesic action of Tramadol is not identical to the mechanism of the action of other opioid agonists. Besides binding to the opioid receptors, the drug activates non-opioid anti-pain systems – a serotonin or noradrenaline reuptake inhibition in neural synapse.
Due to the increased level of these neurotransmitters, pain is reduced and general tension and physiological discomfort after post-operative period are removed.
One of advantages of Tramadol is a prescription for adults and children. Tramadol is one of few analgesics which meets a conception of the balanced treatment of the pain syndrome. Drugs with various mechanism of the action should be used for the postoperative analgesia in order to influence on spinal cord, nervous system (somatic and sympathetic nerves), muscle fibers.
Taking several different products at once, a load on the liver and kidneys grows, and it is not good. Therefore, Tramadol is one of the most balanced and effective drugs for patients wanting to have the postoperative period without pain and discomfort.